French Language Syllabus for DELF and DALF Exams

French Language Syllabus for DELF and DALF Exams

A matter of confusion and irritation for students is the fact that there is no fixed syllabus for DELF/DALF exams as grammar, vocabulary and expression usage differs from book to book.

[quote align=”left”]Bonjour, bon appetit, bon voyage ça va, salut, rendez-vous, merci, s’il vous plait, et cetera (etc.,)[/quote]Below is the guidelines for language proficiency as per the CEFR. There are four parts of the exam irrespective of the level of exam taken: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. An individual taking up any level of exam is tested in all the four areas of French language. The French language knowledge in each level is discussed below:

DELF/DALF French Proficiency Level(as per CEFRL)

A1 (Breakthrough)

A2 (Waystage)

B1 (Threshold)

B2 (Vantage)

C1 (Proficiency)

C2 (Mastery)

  • DELF/DALF Exam classes
  • Classes for Bangalore University french exam
  • Classes for CBSE/ICSE/IGCSE/IB board french syllabus
    Basic french classes for conversations Level(as per CEFRL)

DELF A1 (Beginner/Breakthrough):

  • Can understand and respond to basic expressions of greetings and farewell
  • Can present/ introduce himself/herself slowly and clearly or introduce someone else.
  • Can interact to people in day to day scenario like shopkeepers, vendors etc.,
  • Has basic knowledge of vocabulary related to family, relationships, household items etc.,
  • Can identify and name countries, places, nationalities In French
  • Can read simple sentences and text clearly.
  • Can write post cards, letters, emails explaining personal experience during vacation, holiday or invite somebody using basic phrases and expressions.
  • Can talk about colour, shapes, common vegetables and fruits
  • Has basic knowledge of nouns, pronouns, number and gender of nouns, common adjectives, articles, prepositions and some important verbs (regular & irregular) in simple present, simple past, imperative and near future tenses.

DELF A2 (Elementary / Waystage):

  • Can express his/her feeling of hungry, thirst, hot, cold.
  • Can ask and give directions about a place.
  • Can understand and take part in discussions related to day to day events if spoken to directly, slowly and clearly
  • Can understand a situation and react using expressing of sadness, happiness, fear etc.,
  • Can follow, read and understand to simple set of instruction like sign boards, newspaper advertisements, magazine extracts, instruction manual of everyday equipment, follow simple recipes with the aid of a bilingual dictionary.
  • Can talk and write about his/her likes/dislikes, hobbies, leisure activities, work, education, future plans, his/her culture/celebrations, childhood incidence etc., as a sequential manner and using appropriate grammatical sentence structure.

DELF B1 (Intermediate / Threshold):

  • Can listen and get overall understanding of the main points of discussion of a known topic with peers, classmates and friends when spoken at a normal speed with request to repeat certain words or phrases.
  • Can take part in group discussions with native speakers when the conversation is not hurried, can understand instructions, explanations given by teacher and narrate small stories and recollect some incidence of daily like a flash news on TV, a neighbourhood robbery, a spectacular sports event, a movie recently watched.
  • Can understand text of varying length with or without the assistance of a dictionary.
  • Can talk and write opinion, beliefs and suggestions about simple matters related to personal likes/dislikes as well as some controversial issues related to pollution, people/culture, education, unemployment, governments/politics etc.,
  • Can clearly express personal feelings with explanation about cause, reason, consequence etc.,
  • Can describe in writing or in speaking about everyday objects, everyday places or events in a sequence using connecting words. Also can write about various life experience, dreams and aspirations with a detailed account of each event.

DELF B2 (Upper Intermediate / Vantage):

  • Can understand and react to ideas related to complex text on both concrete and abstract topics like specialized topics related to technology, science, education etc.,
  • They can express and Interact fluently and spontaneously with native speakers as part of their regular interaction without creating strain in understanding and understanding for either party
  • Can create grammatical structured clear and detailed text on a wide range of topics with emphasis on explaining a viewpoint on a common / complicated issue and also giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options chosen by the speaker.

DALF C1 (Advanced) / C2 (Proficiency/Mastery)

  • Can read, write and understand a wide range of text which is lengthy, more complex, demanding and can recognise the meanings implicitly.
  • Can express oneself fluently and spontaneously without obviously searching for expressions or phrases.
  • Can communicate in the language flexibly and efficiently for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce in writing clear and orally well-structured text on complex subjects. Is able to show controlled use of connectors, patterns and cohesive devices
  • Has a vast knowledge on French matters related to social, economic, politics and technology. Can submit to an exam the French way which is different from the exam pattern the student is used to in his or country.

French classes for School and College Students

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 French classes for School and College Students

[dropcap color=”#555555″]A[/dropcap]s we all know that ICSE, IGSE and CBSE schools have started incorporating French/German/Spanish in their syllabus as second /third language. Many times students do not get individual attention at schools and colleges and this will came language learning very difficult.

[dropcap color=”#555555″]W[/dropcap]e at Indian Institute of Foreign Languages provide training for school and college students who have chosen optional foreign languages. We refer to CBSE/ICSE/IGSE board prescribed text books such as Entre Jeune, Vitamin, Ailes, Apprenons le Francaise, Les Fables Courtes French text books for Classes V-XII.

[dropcap color=”#555555″]W[/dropcap]e have a team highly qualified and dedicated french language trainers who have experience in teaching at schools and colleges. Our customized training methodology caters to the needs of school children and young adults.

[dropcap color=”#555555″]A[/dropcap]ny language learning involves listening, writing, reading and reading. Hence we ensure that our training addresses all these four areas. We also help students brush their English grammar as it is the base/foundation for any other language learning.

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For PUC and degree students

[dropcap color=”#555555″]W[/dropcap]e cater to the French Language needs of the PUC board students and degree students. For PUC students we refer to “A propos” text book prescribed by the PUC board and or a textbook customized by the college. We also train students pursuing their degree course from Bangalore University and who have chosen French as foreign language. For such students we teach basic/ advanced French grammar, comprehension reading, speaking (presenting themselves and someone else in french) as this part of their University French syllabus.

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Course Details:

We provide weekdays and weekends classes in the morning, afternoon or evening depending on the students availability/flexibility.

We help students in exam preparation, brush up/back up classes, if certain situations.

Our batch varies from 4-10 students per batch. A student can also take one/one class with the trainer (subject to trainer availability).

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For more information please call us or visit our branch at

Banashankari

or

Marathahalli[/quote]

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How to test Japanese proficiency

How to test Japanese proficiency? Is there any International exam or testing system to know at what level someone is?

The exam to test Japanese proficiency is called as “JLPT” i.e., Japanese Language Proficiency Test. There are 5 levels N5, N4, N3, N2 and N1. N5 level is the beginner level and N1 is mastery level. JLPT test certificates are valid for life, however some Universities and companies specify or set limit for its validity. The JLPT test has only two parts: Reading and Listening. The exam is held twice a year (July & December) in nearly 7-8 locations throughout India, including Bangalore.

Level Language Proficiency expected per level
N5
  • Can read basic and understand phrases and sentences expressed in a combination of all three scripts of Japanese i.e., Hiragana, Katakana and nearly 100 Kanji’s.
  • Able to listen and understand conversations based on everyday situations like at a school/classroom, at market, at shop etc., and is able to pick out important points of the short conversation if spoken clearly and slowly.
N4
  • Ability to read and comprehend longer phrases and short passages written using basic vocabulary and nearly 300 Kanji’s.
  • Can listen and respond to polite questions, commands and requests. Is able to understand the intent and general meaning in an uncomplicated speech.
N3
  • Can read and write simple paragraphs, journals, letters and essays.
  • Can listen and understand the intent and meaning of a carefully conveyed conversation.
  • Can read simple articles, Japanese-Japanese dictionary, simple topics in Japanese Wikipedia, short poems and stories. Can understand nearly 700 Kanji.
N2
  • Ability to comprehend Japanese in a day to day scenario and in a variety of situations to some degree.
  • Can read information on common topics in print media and understand the point of view of the author/writer/editor.
  • Can listen and follow the essential points and ideas presented in a day to day conversation if  spoken at natural speed, news reports etc.,
N1
  • Ability to read and comprehend in a logical manner the structures and contents of normal and some abstract texts on a variety of subjects from various editorials like magazines, newspapers.
  • Ability to read writing materials with complex content on variety of subjects, including the narratives. Also in some textual context comprehend the intent and point of view of the writer or the author of the text.Ability to listen and understand comprehensively the idea and content of conversations, news reports and lectures that is spoken at a natural speed on a broad variety of settings.
  • Ability to understand the details of a presented materials its logical structure and the essential points of the material.

Is Japanese a difficult language to learn

Is Japanese a difficult language to learn ?

Contrary to the common myth or belief that Japanese is a very difficult language to learn, the two kanas are very easy to learn. However the Kanji characters could little challenging to learn. Japanese characters can be compared to strokes and is unlike roman alphabets. A person can start reading Japanese text if he has mastered the Hiragana and Katakana characters.  Also the other good news is that the words are pronounced the same way as they are spelled and as result you do not have to remember the spellings of each and every word. This is possible because of the use of fewer consonants and simpler pronunciation system of Japanese language as compared to some of the European languages.

The nouns in many European languages likeFrench, Spanish and German have gender i.e., “Masculine”, “Feminine” and “Neuter”. Like English these languageshave tons of irregular verbs and these verbs should agree with the nouns they are used with in number and gender. In contrast Japanese has only 2 irregular verbs and all the remaining verbs do not have a gender, there is no necessity for subject-verb agreement and subjects and object if it is out of context can be omitted.

When it comes to Kanji, though the characters look complex to learn as compared to other two kanas, it is actually a very convenient script as it helps express complicated expressions in a very short way, as each Kanji has a unique meaning associated with it. The current usage of Japanese is very interesting as it is a mixture of Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana with the use of Romaji and Furigana while writing to make it user friendly especially for people new to Japanese language. This also makes it easy to use with latest applications on computer and smart phones.

Important facts about IELTS and TOEFL

International English Language Testing System/ IELTS:

IELTS is extensively used by educational institutions, organizations, government bodies and other professional setups to determine the proficiency of English of astudent or an individual. IELTS exams are conducted in nearly 130 countries at 900 test centres worldwide in collaboration with the British Council, IDP IELTS Australia and University of Cambridge. In India there are 39 test centres and tests are conducted on 48 fixed dates (4 times a month) usually on a Thursday or a Saturday.The test scores of IELTS are accepted by 6000+ institutes across the globe.The two modules of IELTS are:General and Academic and there are 4 parts in each of the modules. The test duration is 2 hours 45 minutes for the 4 modules listening, writing and reading. The speaking test may be conducted before the other tests, or on the same day or within 7 days of taking the other 3 modules.Some centres offer IBT (internet based test), but most of them offer PBT (paper based test).

Important facts about IELTS and TOEFL

In India IELTS is conducted by either IDP or British Council. The cost of the test ranges from 8,900 if taken with IDP and 10,500 if taken with the British Council. The test results are available online after the 13th day of taking the exam and the “Test Report Form” with the scores for each of the skills as an overall band score is sent via courier within 6 weeks of taking the test. IELTS test results are valid for 2 years from the date of taking the test.

Test of English as a Foreign Language / TOEFL:

The second most common exam taken by Indian students is the TOEFL, as this is standardized English language proficiency test preferred by universities in America. Unlike IELTS, TOEFL exam is taken for academic purposes only, due to this reason it is accepted nearly 7,500 universities and educational institutions in 135 countries. Out of the 4,500 test centres worldwide, 73 testing centres are present in India alone. The test is usually conducted on weekends. There are 4 parts to the test like any other internationally recognized test, i.e., listening, speaking, writing and reading. All the four modules are conducted on the same day and lasts for 4 hours 30 minutes. The TOEFL test can be taken as a TOELF iBT or TOEFL PBT. The cost ranges from $160-$ 250 to take it in any centre in India. The test score is between 0-120 and is available online within 2 weeks of taking the test. The TEOFL score is valid for 2 years of taking the test.

Useful links for Indian Institute of Foreign Languages students:

http://www.toeflgoanywhere.org/

https://www.britishcouncil.in/exam/ielts

https://www.ieltsidpindia.com/

https://www.ieltsessentials.com/global/ieltshome

http://www.ielts-exam.net/practice_tests/

IELTS and TOEFL

The Role of English in connecting people, culture and commerce worldwide:

English is the Global language of communication with nearly 375 million people whose mother tongue is English and close to 750 million people, who speak English as their second language. English is the official language in many countries worldwide including India, where it is the second official language. With globalization, decentralization of world trade and commerce as well as the sudden boom in the field of Information Technology, people are able to communicate across continents effortlessly. In this scenario English languageplays a major role, as it bridges the gap between non-native English speakers and native speakers.

India is not far behind when it comes to usage of English. In India, English is the 2nd official language of both the Central as well as the State Governments.

In the last 5 years alone, the number of English medium schools has increased from 1.5 crores to 2.9 crores in India. English is either the first or the second language taughtbythe majority of our schools and colleges. This gives our students’fluency in English language and as a result, they have the advantage of choosing International colleges and universities for their graduate, post-graduate and doctorate degrees. Moreover, each year the number of Indian students travelling abroad to pursue their higher education has increased drastically. In the year 2014, a staggering 2.5 lakh students of Indian origin flew to English speaking countries like USA, UK, Australia and Singapore. By this we can comprehend the role of English in the field of education alone.

Various tests and exams to check English competency:

As a student or an individual trying to migrate to an English speaking country, it is necessary to gather information about the different English language proficiency tests accepted by the country or region you are planning to emigrate either for studies or for obtaining a PR visa. Many countries like the United States, UK and Australia have standardized tests as part of their visa evaluation process and university application acceptance process. You might have seen or heard acronyms like TOEFL, IELTS, CAE, CPE, iTEP, PTE or FCE on websites, from friends/relatives, on advertisement hoardings, on print media etc.,It can get really confusing which course to choose from out all those available in the market. These tests are conducted by famous education institutes like Cambridge, IDP, Boston Educational Services, ETS, Pearson etc.,

The most important among these tests are the IELTS and TOEFL. The results from thesetwo tests are recognizedand accepted by hundreds of universities across USA, UK, Australia, Canada, Singapore, New Zealand and many other countries.